The Architectural Style That Brings People Closer To Nature: Biophilic Design 26 September 2019
Day by day, longing for Nature grows. The world of design is generating benefits for the human race with the awareness of this need. Through biophilic design integrated with nature, man meets nature again.
Due to the industrial cities we live in, man's longing for nature increases every day. Therefore, in many areas, the return to nature is seen as a trend, an idea or a need for people. The reflection of the longing for nature in architecture is manifested by the understanding of biophilic design.
Biophilic design was born through the concept of “biophilia”, which was put forward by renowned biologist Edward Osborne Wilson. The concept of Biophilia refers to the love of life or the love of living systems. It suggests that mankind is instinctively connected to all other living systems. Today, the concept of “biophilia” is gaining value every day because of the growing urbanization and the continuous increase in migration to cities.
What Is The Purpose Of Biophilic Design In Architecture?
Today, with the rise of technology, the main link between nature and people in over-industrialised cities is disappearing. Biophilic design is an innovative style aimed at re-establishing this bond. Those who adopt this approach try to reestablish the bond lost by consciously incorporating nature into the design. The living systems are being moved to living spaces and it is intended to eliminate the need to leave the city in order to feel the nature.
Effects Of Biophilic Design On Human Life
If Man is deprived of the need to interact with nature in his mind, there is a break from his essence. While this deprivation returns to human life as a disadvantage in the physical direction, a number of psychological effects, such as stress and difficulty focusing, can also affect quality of life. While this deprivation returns to human life as a disadvantage in the physical aspect, a number of psychological effects, such as stress and concentration problems, can also affect quality of life. People who are able to keep their bond with nature intact have a faster recovery process in their health problems, and since they have high motivation, their quality of life and productivity in their work are also increasing.
According to the research, biophilic design applications increase productivity in offices by 8%, while employees feel better about themselves 13% more. All of this, while supporting creativity, also helps employees maintain continuity in going to work.
Biophilic design ideas applied within education buildings can achieve much more effective results. The 20% to 25% increase in learning is considered a biophilic design effect.
One Step Beyond: Biophilic Cities
The biophilic city should not be seen as a city that contains only biodiversity. These cities must also be structures that are compatible with natural systems and where design and plans, which take a number of lessons from nature, take place with nature again. These cities not only protect nature and all natural elements, but also help the damaged elements recover over time. According to Timothy Beatley, who has long worked on sustainable societies, environmental approaches in cities focus primarily on transportation, renewable energy, and energy efficient buildings, while leaving nature completely outside the process. Beatley said: "these elements fix the image of the city, but they're not enough. People need to be in touch with the natural world. For a sustainable urban future we need to focus on nature and appreciate natural life forms.”
We have studied Bosco Verticale in Milan, one of the most important architectural works that has emerged with this understanding in the past months as part of “Milan city of the Moon”. You can examine the relevant block for a close look. https://www.yildizentegre.com/tr/agacin-izinde/agacin-izinde-bir-yapi-bosco-verticale