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ICONIC TREES OF CENTRAL AMERICA

17 July 2020

This month’s #chasingthetree journey focuses on Central America’s iconic trees: Black Ironwood, Christmas Cherry, Guaiac Wood, Divi Divi and Holywood…

Durable Against Drought: Black Ironwood

Known as Krugiodendron Ferreum in Latin, Black Ironwood tree can be seen in South Florida, Caribbean, South Mexico and Honduras.

Black Ironwood has small green leaves and can grow up to 5-10 meters in height. Black Ironwwood has fruits which turn purplish red when it maturate. Since it is durable against drought, it is commonly used in parks and gardens.

Self-Sufficient: Christmas Cherry

Known as Eugenia Pseudopsidium in Latin, Christmas Cherry belongs to the Myrtaceae family and grows in Central America. Native to countries such as USA, Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico, the tree has a self-sufficient growth form.

Christmas Cherry has simple and large leaves, uses sunlight in order to synthesize food and grows up to 14m in height.

Jamaica’s Flower: Guaiac Wood

A tree from the Zygophyllaceae family, Guaiac Wood is known as Guaiacum Officinale in Latin. Its native range encompasses Caribbean Region and South America’s coastline.

Guaiac Wood can grow up to 10m in height and has evergreen leaves. Guaiac Wood draws attention with its bright and beautiful colorful flowers which are known as Jamaica’s national flowers.

In the Shadow of Trade Winds: Divi Divi

Known as Libidibia Coriaria in Latin, Divi Divi grows in the Caribbean Region, Mexico and Central America. The highest it grows is 9m in height because the growth of the tree is often restricted by the Alize Winds that expose to the tree.

Popular of the Libidibia genus, Divi Divi is the national tree in Curaçao, located towards south of Caribbean Sea and north of Venezuela. The tree is also quite common and popular in Aruba.

Endangered Tree: Holywood

Holywood is known as Guaiacum Sanctum in Latin. Its native range encompasses Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and South America.

Holywood demonstrates a rather slow growing process and can grow up to 7 m in height. Besides, the tree is an evergreen tree within the range of its natural region.

Also, known as the Bahamas national tree, Holywood tree is endangered because of habitat loss.

Christmas Cherry has simple and large leaves, uses sunlight in order to synthesize food and grows up to 14m in height.