Ancient Roman Art16 April 2019
The Roman Empire lasted approximately 1,200 years and influenced law, art, literature, architecture, technology, and language in the Western world. Its influence can still be seen today. While we’re in Milan, it wouldn’t be appropriate not to talk about such magnificent source of influence.
Surrounding the Mediterranean, the Roman Empire was large and well established. With everything that it left behind, it steered the way for modern art and literature and helped achieve many great developments. In Roman art, painting and sculpture comes second after architecture.
There is no perspective in paintings. Figures are represented in their natural scale and lines are dominantly used. Some still life examples can be seen, but these were only used as decorative elements in the blank spaces.
Highly influenced by Etruscan elements, Roman architecture changed its course in the 1st century AD. In this period, new structure forms and new load-bearing systems were developed and new materials were used. The architects simply enriched their repertoire.
Ancient Roman Art included panels with figures, landscape paintings with or without figures, still life examples, and portraiture. Drawing techniques and perspective rules used in this period still continue to influence artists in the modern world so much so that they can be classified as cultural heritage.
There is also mention of artworks painted on wood, ivory, or other objects in Roman art. Painting later on evolved into a blend of realism and idealism. The portraits were so realistic and detailed; they were enough evidence that Rome was way ahead of other civilization when it came to art.